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Causes and Risk Factors
Increased sugar content in your blood can impair blood circulation to your eyes, resulting in diabetic retinopathy and reduced oxygen and nutrient delivery to the retina. When this happens, you may experience central vision irregularities.
Stages and Corresponding Manifestations
Manifestations of diabetic retinopathy may vary according to the stage of the condition. The two general classifications are:
- Early or Non-Proliferative: Since this condition is usually asymptomatic in its early phase, we recommend having a comprehensive eye exam in Austin, TX, at least once every two years. This will allow for early detection and prompt treatment to prevent the disease from progressing. As this eye disorder advances, the blood vessel walls of your retina may become weakened, allowing blood and other fluids to leak into the macula. This can cause swelling, which may blur or dim your central vision.
- Advanced or Proliferative: As a compensatory mechanism, you may develop fragile and abnormal blood vessels. When they rupture, blood deposits may form in your eyes. You may notice tiny spots across your visual field. You may also experience dry eyes, as this condition may also reduce tear production.
Our Recommended Treatment
Our management plan aims to halt the disease’s progression. The key element is controlling your blood sugar levels, which you can achieve through strict adherence to your prescribed medication.
We also suggest undergoing a dilated eye exam, which allows us to assess your retina for any signs of this condition. For advanced stages, we may recommend laser treatments or other surgical procedures. We may also include dry eye treatment in Austin, TX, for your improved visual comfort.
For more information on diabetic retinopathy, call us at (512) 271-6677, or complete our form to schedule an appointment.