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Macular Degeneration

Understanding AMD

According to our expert eye doctor near Austin, TX, AMD occurs when the macula, a structure in the central region of your retina, deteriorates over time. The retina is responsible for converting light to nerve signals, so any changes or irregularities to it may result in impaired central vision functions.

There are two primary types of AMD: wet and dry. Wet AMD occurs when abnormal, fragile blood vessels start to grow around the macula. Once they rupture, fluid can leak into the retina and cause it to swell. Dry AMD occurs when the light-sensitive macular cells begin to thin and dry out, causing blurred or distorted eyesight.

How Your Diet Affects AMD Development

Studies show that Vitamin D deficiency can hasten the development of AMD. This antioxidant, found primarily in dairy products, combats free radicals to maintain your retinal pigment layer and safeguard your central vision. Carotenoids such as lutein, zeaxanthin, and beta-carotene can also help control AMD progression.

Our Recommendations

Envision Eye Center suggests incorporating deep-water fish like salmon, mackerel, and tuna into your diet, as these contain substantial amounts of omega-3 fatty acids to keep your eyes lubricated. They can also help improve visual comfort when you wear your contact lenses in Austin, TX.

We recommend eating carrots and other rich sources of beta-carotene. Kale, lettuce, and other green, leafy vegetables contain high levels of lutein and zeaxanthin that help fight off free radicals too. We also suggest including milk, liver, and cheese in your daily intake.

For superior eye care, you can turn to Envision Eye Center. From performing eye exams to fitting eyeglasses in Austin, TX, we can help you. Call us today at (512) 271-6677 or complete our form for more information about the relation between your diet and your risk of contracting AMD.